One of the Remotest Countries on Earth

Funafuti, a name you can fall in love with. And, that’s right, the airport code is indeed FUN. I had to go. After all, anyone who has made it their goal to visit every country on earth certainly may not skip the smallest one.

smallest country

The flight with an ATR-42-500 was making its final descent into Funafuti. I pressed my nose against the window. Below me, all I could see was the deep blue, empty Pacific Ocean, which reached out to every point on the horizon. Only a single, fragile strip of land appeared: The Funafuti Atoll, Tuvalu’s main atoll. It is one of the remotest countries on earth. And, with slightly fewer than 10,000 inhabitants, it is the third least populated country on our planet. Only the Vatican city and Nauru have fewer people.

A Stone’s Throw

The international airport consists of a single, tiny building in which Immigration, Health, Baggage Handling, and Customs all exist within a few metres of each other. To my amazement, I was not accosted by taxi drivers. It was extremely quiet as I left the airport. Very quickly, however, it all became clear why. The only hotels in this capital city are just a stone’s throw from the airport.

smallest country

Once the aircraft had departed on its flight back to Fiji, the runway was immediately taken over by scooters and cars. No more flights would land here for several days.

Below Sea Level

The airport is a direct inheritance of the Second World War. The Americans needed a landing base for their war against the Japanese and built a landing strip at Funafuti. It meant they had to dig out land from elsewhere on the tiny atoll to find the scarce coral gravel. A delicate affair, all in all. The island barely rises above the sea. At high tide, parts of the only tiny road are flooded. The landing strip is just as fragile as the land itself. According to some people, in just a few decades from now, the entire island will disappear.

The Runway

It quickly became clear that the runway’s main purpose was for social activities and less so for air traffic. It’s logical when you think about it. Every square meter of this island is scarce. There is not a city square or a park to be found. No matter where I wandered over the island, I always ended up back at the runway. One moment, it was being used as a football pitch, the next as a volleyball court, or as a gathering place for boys on bikes and roaring scooters.

smallest country

One of the guests from my hotel ran the length of the runway from north to south, back and forth, again and again to train for a marathon. In the evening, the atmosphere changes and becomes more intimate. You see families going out for a walk and, in the darker recesses, there are young couples in love.

smallest country

Fire Engine

In the final days before my departure, some confusion arose. When would the next flight arrive? Was it Tuesday or Wednesday? No one seemed to know.

Then a fire engine appeared on the runway with lights and sirens going, and took a few laps. It was suddenly clear to all of the walkers, athletes, and couples that the moment had come to make way for an aircraft. One thing was sure, though. Once it took off again, the runway would belong entirely to the inhabitants of Funafuti for the next few days.

smallest country

Did you know…

  • …that in 2011, the Dutchman Foppe de Haan was head coach of the Tuvalu national football team for more than three months.
  • …that Tuvalu is the owner of the appealing Internet top level domain “.tv”. The royalties that Tuvalu has received from interested Internet providers have brought quite a bit of money to the island.

GPS: -8.523838 179.196795

To get there you can take a KLM flight to Seoul, South Korea. From there, take a flight to Fiji. There are two or three flights each week from Fiji to Tuvalu.

Posted by:   Boris  | 
Join the conversation Show comments

Piet Luijken

Apparantly nothing has changed since our visit 18 years ago. Due to an engine problem on the aircraft we stayed here a little bit longer than expected but enjoyed every minute. Who else is member of the Tuvalu Library? Thanks for the report.

Ha, well, I can just imagine nothing much changed. Question is: what will the runway (and the airport) look like in 2032 – 18 years from now?

Lolita M. Balboa

It’s amazing. it’s only now that I knew through your blog that there is such a place as Funafuti – one of the remotest countries on earth. Educational indeed. I am a history teacher and I can share your blog with my students. Many thanks. I learned a lot from your blogs – keep it up!


I’m on a quest to visit every country as well. Up to 114 now. Love this story and was and still is intrigued by the airport code for this airport.
How FUN! :-).

In my travels, I always enjoy the fact that the flights bring life to people and its a big deal for these smaller communities.

This runway is similar to what is happening now with Tempelhof (THF) in Berlin.
Thanks, now I’m looking forward to my visit even more.


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